Eikonal Blog


Intelligence in Earth’s nonhuman life



  • “Complex thinking goes beyond primates: Dolphins understand zero, elephants rescue each other” by Seth Borenstein (Winnipeg Free Press; 2012.06.24) – http://www.winnipegfreepress.com/arts-and-life/life/sci_tech/complex-thinking-goes-beyond-primates-dolphins-understand-zero-elephants-rescue-each-other-160191285.html
    • Dolphins understand concept of “zero”. Can do everything that chimpanzees and bonobos can do. Likely have personalities.
    • Animal intelligence “is not a linear thing,” said Duke University researcher Brian Hare, who studies bonobos, which are one of man’s closest relatives, and dogs, which are not. “Think of it like a toolbox,” he said. “Some species have an amazing hammer. Some species have an amazing screwdriver.”
    • Elephants work cooperatively, solving problems faster than chimps.
  • “Line blurs between man, animal: Monkeys do math, baboons seem to read, orangutans plan ahead” by Seth Borenstein (Winnipeg Free Press; 2012.06.24) – http://www.winnipegfreepress.com/arts-and-life/life/sci_tech/line-blurs-between-man-animal-monkeys-do-math-baboons-seem-to-read-orangutans-plan-ahead-160191235.html
    • Some of the shifts in scientific understanding of animals are leading to ethical debates. When Emory University researcher Lori Marino in 2001 co-wrote a groundbreaking study on dolphins recognizing themselves in mirrors, proving they have a sense of self similar to humans, she had a revelation. “The more you learn about them, the more you realize that they do have the capacity and characteristics that we think of as a person,” Marino said. “I think it’s impossible to ignore the ethical implications of these kinds of findings.”





Mammals: Primates

Mammals: Elephants

Mammals: Cetaceans (dolphins, whales, …)

  • “Talk with a dolphin via underwater translation machine” by MacGregor Campbell (New Scientist – issue 2811; 2011.05.09) – http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21028115.400-talk-with-a-dolphin-via-underwater-translation-machine.html
  • “Intelligence of Dolphins: Ethical and Policy Implications” – http://aaas.confex.com/aaas/2010/webprogram/Session1526.html
      Charter: The dolphin brain has a large cerebral cortex and a substantial amount of associational neocortex. Most anatomical ratios that assess cognitive capacity place it second only to the human brain. More important, recent research in marine science has revealed that dolphins have a remarkable degree of cognitive and affective sophistication. For example, dolphins can recognize their image in a mirror as a reflection of themselves — a finding that indicates self-awareness similar to that seen in higher primates and elephants. These and other studies, which have found that dolphins are also capable of advanced cognitive abilities such as problem-solving, artificial language comprehension, and complex social behavior, indicate that dolphins are far more intellectually and emotionally sophisticated than previously thought. Considerable research indicates that they are significantly different from fish and other marine species, and this research has significance for commercial policy and practice. This symposium will present the scientific findings and explore their ethical and policy implications.
    • Lori Marino (Emory University): Anatomical Basis of Dolphin Intelligence – http://aaas.confex.com/aaas/2010/webprogram/Paper1487.html
        Many modern dolphin brains are significantly larger than our own and second in mass to the human brain when corrected for body size. Despite evolving along a different neuroanatomical trajectory than human brains, cetacean brains exhibit several features that are correlated with complex intelligence, including a large expanse of neocortical volume that is more convoluted than our own, extensive insular and cingulate regions, and highly differentiated cellular regions.
        These characteristics of dolphin brains are consistent with current behavioral evidence. In this presentation I will discuss the neuroanatomical basis of complex intelligence in dolphins, how the neuroanatomy provides evidence for psychological continuity between humans and dolphins, and the profound implications for the ethics of human-dolphin interactions. Specifically, I will focus on the growing worldwide industry of capturing and confining dolphins for amusement in marine park shows, “swim-with-dolphin” and “dolphin-assisted therapy” facilities. Our current knowledge of dolphin brain complexity and intelligence suggests that these practices are potentially psychologically harmful to dolphins and present a misinformed picture of their natural intellectual capacities.
    • Diana Reiss (Hunter College of the City University of New York): Self-Awareness and Dolphins – http://aaas.confex.com/aaas/2010/webprogram/Paper1488.html
        Bottlenose dolphins are highly social mammals with large and complex brains. Studies conducted in the field and aquaria have provided increasing evidence for the dolphin’s cognitive-social prowess, revealing that dolphins are cultural animals – much of their behavior is learned and passed down through generations.
        They have demonstrated the capacity for mirror-self recognition (MSR), a hallmark of a level of self-awareness, previously thought to be restricted to humans but also shared by the great apes, elephants and magpies. Despite profound differences in neuroanatomical characteristics and evolutionary histories dolphins, primates (human and great apes), and elephants show striking parallels in both the progression of behavioral stages and actual responses to a mirror providing compelling evidence for convergent cognitive evolution. MSR may index an increased self-other distinction that also underlies the social complexity and altruistic tendencies shared among these species.
        Can our scientific knowledge be used to influence international policy decisions and ethical considerations of the treatment of dolphins? Do scientific facts translate and transcend cultural boundaries? In the dolphin drive hunts in Japan, there are no restrictions on capture or killing methods of the highly sentient dolphin and other small whales. The killing methods fail to meet even the most minimal requirements used in U.S. laboratories and slaughterhouses. Scientists are making the argument on the basis of the scientific evidence that the drive hunts are unjustifiable and indefensible in that they inflict pain and suffering on animals that are intelligent, sentient, socially complex and have capacity to experience pain and suffering.
    • Thomas I. White (Loyola Marymount University): Ethical Implications of Dolphin Intelligence: Dolphins as Nonhuman Persons – http://aaas.confex.com/aaas/2010/webprogram/Paper1489.html
        The scientific research on dolphin intelligence suggests that dolphins are “nonhuman persons.” (Like humans, dolphins appear to be self-conscious,
        unique individuals [with distinctive personalities, memories and a sense of self] who are vulnerable to a wide range of physical and emotional pain and harm, and who have the power to reflect upon and choose their actions.) At the same time, fundamental differences between humans and dolphins have also surfaced. (The dolphin brain has an older architecture than the human brain, and dolphin and human brains have features not found in the other. Dolphins possess a sense that humans lack [echolocation]. Humans and dolphins have profoundly different evolutionary histories.) This juxtaposition of important similarities and differences has significant ethical implications.
        The similarities suggest that dolphins qualify for moral standing as individuals-and, therefore, are entitled to treatment of a particular sort. The differences, however, suggest that species-specific standards may apply when it comes to determining something as basic as “harm.” The policy implications are considerable. For example, certain human fishing practices are indefensible and would need to change. (Over 300,000 cetaceans are thought to die annually around the world as a result of fisheries by-catch. Thousands more typically die in the annual Japanese drive hunts.) Similarly, changes would need to be made regarding the hundreds of captive dolphins currently used in entertainment facilities. The economic, political and diplomatic challenges in ending ethically problematic practices, however, are daunting and multi-faceted. Unfortunately, humans have a poor track record for recognizing the rights and interests even of members of our own species once they’ve been dubbed “inferior.” Meaningful change in human/dolphin interaction, then, is likely to unfold slowly. Yet developing an interspecies ethic could mark a significant turning point in the relationship between humans and other intelligent beings on the planet.
  • “Non-human Persons” by petchary (Petchary blog) – http://petchary.wordpress.com/2011/01/02/non-human-persons/ – dog knows more worlds (over 1000) that a two-years old.

Mammals: Carnivora (cats, dogs, …)

Aves (Birds)

Aves (Birds): Corvids [Corvidae]

  • Corvidae (WikiPedia) – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corvidae
  • “Rook reveal remarkable tool use” – http://vodpod.com/watch/1672586-rook-reveal-remarkable-tool-use
  • “Bird Tool Use Evolved for Better Grub, Literally” by Jennifer Viegas (Dicsovery News; 2010.09.16) – http://news.discovery.com/animals/bird-tool-use-evolved-for-better-grub-literally.html
  • “Ravens Reconcile after Aggressive Conflicts with Valuable Partners” by Orlaith N. Fraser, Thomas Bugnyar (PLoS; 2011.03.25) – http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0018118
      Reconciliation, a post-conflict affiliative interaction between former opponents, is an important mechanism for reducing the costs of aggressive conflict in primates and some other mammals as it may repair the opponents’ relationship and reduce post-conflict distress. Opponents who share a valuable relationship are expected to be more likely to reconcile as for such partners the benefits of relationship repair should outweigh the risk of renewed aggression. In birds, however, post-conflict behavior has thus far been marked by an apparent absence of reconciliation, suggested to result either from differing avian and mammalian strategies or because birds may not share valuable relationships with partners with whom they engage in aggressive conflict. Here, we demonstrate the occurrence of reconciliation in a group of captive subadult ravens (Corvus corax) and show that it is more likely to occur after conflicts between partners who share a valuable relationship. Furthermore, former opponents were less likely to engage in renewed aggression following reconciliation, suggesting that reconciliation repairs damage caused to their relationship by the preceding conflict. Our findings suggest not only that primate-like valuable relationships exist outside the pair bond in birds, but that such partners may employ the same mechanisms in birds as in primates to ensure that the benefits afforded by their relationships are maintained even when conflicts of interest escalate into aggression. These results provide further support for a convergent evolution of social strategies in avian and mammalian species.
  • “Angry Birds: Crows Never Forget Your Face” by Jennifer Viegas (Discovery News; 2011.06.28) – http://news.discovery.com/animals/angry-crows-memory-life-threatening-behavior-110628.html

    • Mess with a crow, and it will remember your face for over five years, research shows.
    • Crows remember the faces of “dangerous humans,” with the memories likely lasting for a bird’s lifetime.
    • Crows may scold people who threaten them, bringing in relatives and even strangers to mob the person.
    • The crows within mobs then indirectly learn about the person, so they too associate that individual’s face with danger and react accordingly.
    • “Others have shown that some crows make and use tools, forecast future events, understand what other animals know, and — in our case — learn from individual experience as well as by observing parents and peers,” Marzluff explained. “These are all advanced cognitive tasks shown by only a few animals.”
    • He suspects other social, long-lived species that live closely with humans might also share information in a similar manner. Possibilities include animals such as coyotes, raccoons, gulls, pigeons and rats. All could practice a combination of social and trial and error learning. The latter provides the most accurate information, but it is clearly riskier than indirect social learning.
  • “Crows are Feathered Engineers” by Gene Charleton (Discovery News; 2010.06.10) – http://news.discovery.com/tech/feathered-engineers.htmlCrows living in the jungles of New Caledonia use tools to solve problems.
  • “Feathered engineers” by Gene (Texas AM Engineering; 2010.06.02) – http://engineeringworks.tamu.edu/2010/feathered-engineers/
  • “Mirrors and Magpies” by fatfinch (The Fat Finch Bird Brain Blog; ) – http://fatfinch.wordpress.com/2008/08/20/mirrors-and-magpies/
  • “Self-Recognition in the Pica Pica (Magpie)?” (2008.08.19) – http://cognitivetrammeling.wordpress.com/2008/08/19/self-recognition-in-the-pica-pica/

Aves (Birds): Parrots


Cephalopod: Squids, etc

  • Cephalopod intelligence (WikiPedia) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cephalopod_intelligence
  • This is probably a stretch (in domain of science-fiction), but it sounds like something that just could be the case. Is decoration of your nesting ground a sign of intelligence? Also, assuming that some ancient cephalopod indeed had this intelligence, then the questions is what happened to that intelligence during the following 50 millions of years? It looks like it had gone nowhere to be seen these days.
    • “The Revenge of the Imaginary Kraken” by Brian Switek (Wired; 2011.10.12) – http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2011/10/the-revenge-of-the-imaginary-kraken/
    • “Gigantic KRAKEN fingered in prehistoric murder mystery – Prof reckons monster was also a Triassic Van Gogh” by Anna Leach (The Register; 2011.10.12) – http://www.theregister.co.uk/2011/10/12/kraken_killer/
        “The proposed Triassic kraken, which could have been the most intelligent invertebrate ever, arranged the vertebral discs in biserial patterns, with individual pieces nesting in a fitted fashion as if they were part of a puzzle. The arranged vertebrae resemble the pattern of sucker discs on a cephalopod tentacle, with each amphicoelous vertebra strongly resembling a coleoid sucker. Thus the tessellated vertebral disc pavement may represent the earliest known self‑portrait.”
    • “Ancient Krakens Making Self-Portraits?” (SlashDot; 2011.10.11) – http://science.slashdot.org/story/11/10/11/134240/ancient-krakens-making-self-portraits
        First time accepted submitter Sanoj writes “Strange patterns of ichthyosaur bones have been found on an ancient deep-water seabed. One paleontologist has put forward the theory that these could have been the work of giant cephalopods who were eating the swimming dinosaurs and then arranging the vertebrae to resemble their own tentacles [http://www.tgdaily.com/general-sciences-features/58953-triassic-kraken-may-have-created-self-portrait]. Sound far-fetched? Apparently, the modern octopus also does this.”
    • “The Giant, Prehistoric Squid That Ate Common Sense” by Brian Switek (Wired; 2011.10.10) – http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2011/10/the-giant-prehistoric-squid-that-ate-common-sense/
    • “Smokin’ Kraken?” by Sarah Simpson(Discovery News; 2011.10.100) – http://news.discovery.com/earth/smokin-kraken-111011.html
    • “Triassic ‘Kraken’ may have created self-portrait” by Kate Taylor (TG Daily; 2011.10.10) – http://www.tgdaily.com/general-sciences-features/58953-triassic-kraken-may-have-created-self-portrait
    • “TRIASSIC KRAKEN: THE BERLIN ICHTHYOSAUR DEATH ASSEMBLAGE INTERPRETED AS A GIANT CEPHALOPOD MIDDEN” by Mark A.S. MCMENAMIN and Dianna L. SCHULTE MCMENAMIN (2011 GSA Annual Meeting in Minneapolis [9–12 October 2011]; Paper No. 120-3) – http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2011AM/finalprogram/abstract_197227.htm
        The Luning Formation at Berlin‑Ichthyosaur State Park, Nevada, hosts a puzzling assemblage of at least 9 huge (≤14 m) juxtaposed ichthyosaurs (Shonisaurus popularis). Shonisaurs were cephalopod‑eating predators comparable to sperm whales (Physeter). Hypotheses presented to explain the apparent mass mortality at the site have included: tidal flat stranding, sudden burial by slope failure, and phytotoxin poisoning. Citing the wackestone matrix, J. A. Holger argued convincingly for a deeper water setting, but her phytotoxicity hypothesis cannot explain how so many came to rest at virtually the same spot. Skeletal articulation indicates that animals were deposited on the sea floor shortly after death. Currents or other factors placed them in a north‑south orientation. Adjacent skeletons display different taphonomic histories and degrees of disarticulation, ruling out catastrophic mass death, but allowing a scenario in which dead ichthyosaurs were sequentially transported to a sea floor midden. We hypothesize that the shonisaurs were killed and carried to the site by an enormous Triassic cephalopod, a “kraken,” with estimated length of approximately 30 m, twice that of the modern Colossal Squid Mesonychoteuthis. In this scenario, shonisaurs were ambushed by a Triassic kraken, drowned, and dumped on a midden like that of a modern octopus. Where vertebrae in the assemblage are disarticulated, disks are arranged in curious linear patterns with almost geometric regularity. Close fitting due to spinal ligament contraction is disproved by the juxtaposition of different-sized vertebrae from different parts of the vertebral column. The proposed Triassic kraken, which could have been the most intelligent invertebrate ever, arranged the vertebral discs in biserial patterns, with individual pieces nesting in a fitted fashion as if they were part of a puzzle. The arranged vertebrae resemble the pattern of sucker discs on a cephalopod tentacle, with each amphicoelous vertebra strongly resembling a coleoid sucker. Thus the tessellated vertebral disc pavement may represent the earliest known self‑portrait. The submarine contest between cephalopods and seagoing tetrapods has a long history. A Triassic kraken would have posed a deadly risk for shonisaurs as they dove in pursuit of their smaller cephalopod prey.
  • “Octopus Is First Invertebrate to Use Tools, Turning a Coconut Into Mobile Home (Video)”
    by Jaymi Heimbuch (TreeHugger; 2009.12.15) – http://www.treehugger.com/files/2009/12/octopus-is-first-invertabrate-to-use-tools-turning-a-coconut-into-mobile-home.php

Plan group intelligence

Bacteria group intelligence

Related here: Intelligence – https://eikonal.wordpress.com/2010/10/27/intelligence/.


Gypsy information


Language evolution and families

Origins of language

Language evolution

Famiies: Semitic

Related here: Linguistics links – https://eikonal.wordpress.com/2010/08/07/linguistics-links/ | Learning languages / Language acquisition – https://eikonal.wordpress.com/2010/11/12/learning-languages-language-acquisition/ | Bilingualism – https://eikonal.wordpress.com/2010/11/12/bilingualism-multilingualism/.


Miracula Aeternitatis

Filed under: alchemy, languages, music — Tags: , , — sandokan65 @ 12:56

Cirque Du Soleil : Miracula Aeternitatis

  • Composer: Violaine Corradi
  • Album: Dralion
  • Vocals: Erik Karol
  • Keyboards: Sylvain Grand
  • Cello solo: James Darling
  • Guitars: Lionel Hamel
  • Text inspired by the first verse of the “Tabula Smaragdina” (Emerald Tabled)
  • at Youtube: http://youtube.com/watch?v=DGkTRCdRRVs
Quod fuit est quod erit
Et quod erit est sicut quod fuit
Quod fuit ad perpetranda
Miracula aeternitatis

    Quod superius est sicut quod inferius
    Ad perpetranda miracula

Quod fuit est quod erit
Et quod erit est sicut quod fuit
Quod fuit ad perpetranda
Miracula aeternitatis

    Quod inferius est sicut quod superius
    Ad perpetranda miracula

Quod fuit ad perpetranda
Miracula aeternitatis

    Quod superius est sicut quod inferius
    Ad perpetranda miracula

Tabula Smaragdina

Filed under: alchemy, languages — Tags: , — sandokan65 @ 12:49
Tabula Smaragdina
Verum, sine mendacio, certum et verissimum: True, without error, certain and most true:
1. Quod est inferius est sicut quod est superius, et quod est superius est sicut quod est inferius, ad perpetranda miracula rei unius 1. That which is above is as that which is below, and that which is below is as that which is above, to perform the miracles of the one thing.
2. Et sicut res omnes fuerunt ab uno, meditatione unius, sic omnes res natae ab hac una re, adaptatione. 2. And as all things were from [the] one, by [means of] the meditation of [the] one, thus all things of the daughter from [the] one, by [means of] adaptation.
3. Pater eius est Sol. Mater eius est Luna. Portavit illud Ventus in ventre suo. Nutrix eius terra est. 3. Its father is the sun, its mother[,] the moon, the wind carried it in its belly, its nurse is the earth.
4. Pater omnis telesmi totius mundi est hic. 4. The father of all the looms of the whole world is here.
5. Virtus eius integra est si versa fuerit in terram. 5. Its power is integrating if it be turned into earth.
6. Separabis terram ab igne, subtile ab spisso, suaviter, magno cum ingenio. 6. Separate the earth from the fire, the fine from the dense, delicately, by [means of/to] the great [together] with capacity.
7. Ascendit a terra in coelum, iterumque descendit in terram, et recipit vim superiorum et inferiorum. 7. It ascends by [means of] earth into heaven and again it descends into the earth, and retakes the power of the superior[s] and of the inferior[s].
8. Sic habebis Gloriam totius mundi. 8. Thus[,] you have the glory of the whole world.
9. Ideo fugiet a te omnis obscuritas. 9. Therefore[,] may it drive-out by [means of] you of all the obscurity.
10. Haec est totius fortitudinis fortitudo fortis, quia vincet omnem rem subtilem, omnemque solidam penetrabit. 10. This is the whole of the strength of the strong force, because it overcomes all fine things, and penetrats all the complete.
11. Sic mundus creatus est. 11. Thus the world has been created.
12. Hinc erunt adaptationes mirabiles, quarum modus est hic. 12. Hence they were wonderful adaptations, of which this is the manner.
Itaque vocatus sum Hermes Trismegistus, habens tres partes philosophiae totius mundi. Completum est quod dixi de operatione Solis. Therefore I am Hermes the Thrice Great, having the three parts of the philosophy of the whole world. What I have said concerning the operation of the Sun has been completed.


Nicholas Lens

Flamma Flamma: Fire Requiem (1994)

  • 1. Hic Iacet I
  • 2. Hic Iacet II
      Hic iacet corpus
      Animae carcer
      Crescunt etiam
      Ungues et capilli
      Mortis et vita rota
      Semper aeque volvitur
      Lucet et corrumpit sol
      Vivit et moritur caro
      Apporta soror flores
      Ne mortis odor
      Vivis obsit
      Lapida fratelle
      Vultures saltantes
      Ne feretrum polluant
      Hic iacet corpus
      Animae carcer
      Materia mundi
  • 3. Sumus Vicinae – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f__yv-5LQ_c
      Sumus vicinae
      Pulcherrime iacet
      Quasi dormiens
      Ubi vinum libatur
      Vae viduae
      Vae pupillis
      Clunes tuas move mulier
      Hic sedeo ego
      Date mihi vinum
      Vae viduae
      Vae pupillis
      Videtelinteum obsoletum
      Catula etiam
      Anulum ei
      Et dentem aureum eriplit
      Vae viduae
      Vae pupillis
      Videte morsum amantis
      In collo scorti prisci
      Ea suave olet
      Ille putere incipit
      Vae viduae
      Vae pupillis
  • 4. Tegite Specula
      Tegite specula
      Pater mortuus est
      Odimus et amamus eum
      Cuius sanguinem et nomen
      Insanabile gerimus
      Specula tegimus
      Quia vultus patris
      Persona iam mortis nostrae fit
      Sicut cicatrix vitae quam
      Insanabile gerimus
  • 5. Complorate Filiae
      Complorate filiae
      Et formae vestrae sortem
  • 6. Vale Frater
      Vale frater
      Ex gremio eodem
      Ad lucem venimus
      Mature oculos tuos
      Claudere debeo
  • 7. Amice Mi
      amice mi
      amicitiae horas
      numquam numeravi
  • 8. Corpus Inimici
      Corpus inimici
      Odium flamma erat
      Vita ipsa
      Sit ultio mea
  • 9. Deliciae Meae – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=npJOBWhpncc
      Deliciae meae
      Venustas tua
      Ipsi morti superest 
      Ultimum lavabo
      Corpus nudum tuum
      Lacrimis meis 
      Pyra non altius
      Amoris mei igne
      Ardere potest 
      Invideao et odi
      Servos funebries quibus
      Te tangere licet 
      Post me
      Procus nullus
      Nisi mors
      Te possidet
  • 10. Flamma Flamma – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jOAD-HCtQ7k | http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=APkQ6w3cfI0
      flamma flamma
      flamma flamma
      ex sole et stellis surrepta
      audacium lux
      amoris ardor
      ut animam liberes
      ut tenebras vincas
      te consecramus
  • 11. Ave Ignis – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k38nqmhpncg | http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lBm5IwDxqwA
      Ave ignis purgans                hail purifuing fire 
      Ave ignis expians                hail expiating fire 
      Qui mundum pervadis              pervading           
      Et moves                         and moving the world
      Pleni sunt caeli                 the heavens are full
      Ardoris tui                      of your heat        
  • 12. In Corpore
      In corpore vivo
      Corpus mortuum
      Tibi tradimus
  • 13. Agnus Purus
      Agnus purus
      Culter in faucibus tuis
      Non haesitet
      Feri popa
      Et prorumpet sanguis
      Ex visceribus fumidis
      Sicut flamma
      Sicut sol extenebris
  • 14. Ardeat Ignis
      Ardeat ignis perennis
      Luceat lux perpetua
      Libera ardor sacer
      Ne cadat in obscurum
      Solve corpus in favilla
      Spiritus soli reddatur
      Neve caro vermimus tradatur
      Ignis tenebrat vincat

Terra Terra: The Aquarius Era (1999)

  • 1. Molitur Memoria – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cMY5ILDvJqo
      Molitur memoria molendatur continenter
      In molina mentis olei non indiga
      Putor anxius moribundae
      Evanescit in defuncta
      Et mutatur in amomum
      Maeror ut superstitum
      Luctus ut orborum
      Videatur indecorus
      O fortuna irreverens
      O fortuna impudens
      Improba que adstas hilara n
      Praesentia tua n
      Praesentia tua est quasi fortuita
      Molitur memoria molendatur continenter
      In molina mentis olei non indiga
      In cinere corporis emeriti emoritur igneaus ardor
      Tenuesque favillae nulla re nisi vi moventur venti
      Molitur memoria molendatur continenter
      In molina mentis olei non indiga
  • 2. Mors O Sauvissima Rerum – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8D6YgEM2ysg
      Mors o carissima rerum
      Insanabilia corporis vulnera que curas
      Animi affectus male rectos quae oboles
      Desidiam segnem quae expugnas tu facis ut
      Etiam rigidi catones et severi pharisaei
      Sententiis agantur dubiis
      Mors o suavissima rerum
      Addictis in nimia dosi quae advolas
      Criminosis prava in libidine explendaque inservis Absolutionis ostium perfectae que pandis
      Tu adolescentes etiam venaris
      Irretitos venere
      Mors o largissima rerum
      O salvatrix mundi inscios quae terres et ignaros
      Quam sancti vaticinantur et damnati
      Regibus superbis quae pares dea ficta
      Quam adorant depravatae mentis praetoriani
      Militesque insolentes tu iudae etiam succurris
      Mors o exitiosissima rerum
      O divina debetrix quae tollis indiscrete
      Timidos arrogantiores mutilos
      Venustiores miseros potentiores
      Tu eorum etiam irritas impatientiam
      Qui curant dementes
  • 3. Milliens Millenae – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OUNnhk4me0U
      Milliens millenae (perrentiter et quaerunt)
      Suntne satis multa corpora animae
      Erant consciae erunt insciae
      Milliens millenae quae vagantur vitae
      Erant perfectae erunt cupidae
      Immortales erant ereptae tempori
      Milliens millenae ... quae vagantur vitae
      Erunt caducae insinuate corpori
      Erant rationales erunt commotae
      Milliens millenae quae ... vagantur vitae
      Milliens millenae quae ... vagantur animae
      Erant sublimes erunt vulgares
      Suntne satis multa corpora animae
  • 4. Moritur Terra – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h2K9P-_cups
      Moritur terra
      Annosus pisces et inquinatos
      Verecunde inundat aquarius
      Crescunt undae
      Dum ancora cosmica
      Aetatis novae
      Demittitur irrevocabili pondere
      Haec tamen oculis
      Squamosae gentis
      Non perspicitur
      Mox validae temporum vires
      Ridentes substantiam
      Gignunt animatam
      Parvula en anima
      Suis movetur nixa viribus
      Moritur terra pristina terra
      Quam neque vincet dolor corporis labatis occidentis
      Neque frenabit amoris dominatus
      Neque opprimet ... libertas sentiendi negata
      Neque coercebit mos maiorum traditus
      Virtutes avitae voxve populi
      Mox validae temporum vires
      Ridentes substantiam
      Gignunt animatam
      Parvula en anima
      Suis movetur nixa viribus
      Moritur terra pristina terra
  • 5. Terra Aquarius
      Nova tellus nos invitat
      Ignis purgans ignis expians exstinguitur
      Unda munda undanUnda munda unda novi mundi
      Gaudeamus igitur et fruamur plene
      Bonis animi bonis corpori
      In conviviis versemur petulantibus festii
      Nihil nihil metuentes
      Nova tellus nos invitat
      (Nova nos allicit terra)
      Flamma flamma nobis valedicit
      (Et arridet in disiectu laeta)
  • 6. Eia! Eia! Fetus In Vulva – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2c9gqtqcMhE
  • 7. Mater
      Nullus umquam vir summum hoc gaudebit gaudium
      Alte mihi venter turserat tumuerantque
      Mammae sum quoque dilacerata tormentis
      Dolor nihil est ad amorem comparatus meam postquam infantem his aspexi oculis
      Ex amore natus n
      Ex amore natus dolor
      In dolore natus amor
  • 8. Pater
      Doctus vita doctus usu rerum dico
      Nihil est usus nihil est experiantia rerum
      Ad tacitum infantis meae vigorem
      Ego spectator eram tantum
      Et semine vitali vane gloriabar
      Per me stirpem propagarier altam
  • 9. Pupulus
      Ecce refert vultu patrem an ocellis matrem
      Auribus an avum naribus avunculum
      Pupulus pupulus
      Pupulus pupulus
      Eheu pupule parvule parum qui poveris
      Eheu pupule parvule pro ludo haberis
      Vagi inquam vagi rumpe caelum vagitu
  • 10. Infans Dolore
      Quanto iactatur infans dolore
      Passus corpus
      Passus motus animi
      Mille passus vincula
      Quanto vagit infans dolore
      Dediscit infans
      Quae per se tenebat
      Iamque discit tradita
      Dediscit modulamina cordis
      Ut fauce mittat voces
      Sonosque quos olim profundit
      Praecordis nunc eructat gutture
      Mutantur spiritalia
      Sorde hac terrena
      Quanto iactatur infans dolore
      Passus corpus
      Passus motus animi
      Mille passus vincula
      Quanto vagit infans dolore
  • 11. Pupulam O Puram
      Pupulam o pupulam
      Pupulam o pupulam puram
      Venerem venustam venerem divinam
      Virgunculae puellae mamillae
      In caelum sunt erectae
      Suntque deflexae
      A tepido gremio occluso
      Anima novella pruriginem dissimulare
      Quaerit frustra maternum namque
      Gremium ardet auri desiderio
      Freta agitata ad oculis apparet omnium
      Pupula tam pura
      Venus venustissima
      Pupulam o pupulam
      Pupulam o pupulam puram
      Venerem venustam
      Venerem divinam
      Animula puellae molli mersa voluptate
      Suavi capta furore procuberet humi
      Si non subvenirent chacrae bene temperatae
      Si non suffulcirent chacrae bene temperatae
      Animo maturi et aevo doloribus qui sunt durati
      Pati num possunt homunes lascivientis virgunculae
      Aestus et adores
      Pupulam o pupulam
      Pupulam o pupulam puram
      Venerem venustam
      Venerem divinam
      Freta agitata ... novis oculi
      Ad oculis apparet omnium
      Pupula tam pura
      Populam o populam
      Venerem venustam divinam divinam ...
  • 12. Anima Superba – http:

      Anima superba
      Mordeor invidia
      Mortua morior invidia
      Quid Aufigis
      Quo nunc te proripis
      Anima superba
  • 13. Deus Meus
      Mi mellite deus meus
      Deus meus iuvenilis
      Cur ostentas iuvenilis
      Quid inspiciam novi
      Novi nihil est sub sole
      Siu cuncta sunt perspecta

Amor Aeternus – Hymns of Love (2005)

Love is the only master I’ll serve

Orrori dell’Amore (1995) – songbook

  • 1. Orrori dell’Amore (07:20)
  • 2. The Desire for the Blue World (03:43)
  • 3. La Generosita dei Vita (06:39)
  • 4. The Alpenwaltz (03:12)
  • 5. The Queen’s Body (02:46)
  • 6. Desiderando (06:27)
  • 7. Waa wee (03:43)
  • 8. Le Roi est Mort, Vive le Roi (04:10)
  • 9. Les Paysannes Royales (03:11)
  • 10. Ein adliches Geschlecht (05:58)
  • 11. The Emperor (04:03)
  • 12. Was hast du mit meinem Herz getan? (04:46) – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Was_hast_du_mit_meinem_Herz_getan%3F
      Was Hast Du Mit Meinem Herz Getan
      Was hast du mit meinem Herz gemacht?
      Was hast du mit meinem Herz gemacht?
      Kann darf wissen
      was du mit meinem Herz getan hast?
      Kann darf wiseen
      was du mit meinem Herz getan hast?
      Getan hast?
      Was hast du mit meinem Herz getan?
      Was hast du mit meinem Herz getan?
      Kann darf wissen
      was du mit meinem Herz getan hast?
      Kann darf wissen
      was du mit meinem Herz getan hast?
      Getan hast?
      Die Erde, die Hügel, werden von Grün
      hat mein Schatten, wie Grün, wo ist dein Grün?
      hat meine Hand gefährt
      das Ross, die Haare, werden von Blut,
      verrat mein Schacht, wie rot, wo ist dein Tod?
      hat mein Herz gefährt
      Die Erde, die Hügel, werden von Grün
      hat mein Schatten, wie Grün, wo ist dein Grün?
      hat meine Hand gefährt
      das Ross, die Haare, werden von Blut,
      verrat mein Schacht, wie rot, wo ist dein Tod?
      hat mein Herz gefährt
      Was hast du mit meinem Herz getan?
      Was hast du mit meinem Herz getan?
      Kann darf wissen
      was du mit meinem Herz getan hast?
      Kann darf wissen
      was du mit meinem Herz getan hast?
      Getan hast?
  • 13. Orrori dell’Amore (07:22)



Accent, intonation and identity


Bilingualism, Multilingualism

Filed under: languages — Tags: , , , , — sandokan65 @ 13:00

Related here: Linguistics links – https://eikonal.wordpress.com/2010/08/07/linguistics-links/ | Learning languages / Language acquisition – https://eikonal.wordpress.com/2010/11/12/learning-languages-language-acquisition/ | Language acquisition – https://eikonal.wordpress.com/2010/11/12/learning-languages-language-acquisition/ | Body language – https://eikonal.wordpress.com/2010/10/19/it-journals/.

Learning Korean

Filed under: languages — Tags: , , , — sandokan65 @ 12:37

More at this blog:

Learning Japanese

Filed under: languages — Tags: , , , — sandokan65 @ 12:36
  • PeraPeraPenguin’s – http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/dy/columns/0002/: This column is a conversation class for learners of the Japanese language. It is written by Hitomi Hirayama, a Japanese teacher with more than 15 years of experience, and the founder of Shibuya Ward-based Japanese Lunch, a Japanese language school serving businesspeople in Tokyo. Her column is carried once every eight weeks in Tuesday’s Language Connection of The Daily Yomiuri, and may be downloaded at no cost from this page after each installment appears in the newspaper. …

More at this blog:

Learning languages / Language acquisition

At this blog:



Language acquisition in animals

Related here: Linguistics links – https://eikonal.wordpress.com/2010/08/07/linguistics-links/ | Bilingualism – https://eikonal.wordpress.com/2010/11/12/bilingualism-multilingualism/.


Linguistics links


Language universals

  • “Are languages shaped by culture or cognition? – Linguists debate whether languages share universal grammatical features.” by Philip Ball (Nature; 2011.04.13) http://www.nature.com/news/2011/110413/full/news.2011.231.html
      They found that neither of the universalist models matched the evidence. Not only did the co-dependencies that they discovered differ from those predicted by Greenberg’s word-order ‘universals’, but they were different for each family. In other words, the deep grammatical structure of every family is different from that of the others: each family has evolved its own rules, so there is no reason to suppose that they are governed by universal cognitive factors.

      What’s more, even when a particular co-dependency of traits was shared by two families, the researchers could show that it came about in different ways for each, so it was possible that the commonality was coincidental. They conclude that the languages — at least in their word-order grammar — have been shaped in culture-specific ways rather than by universals.

  • “Universal truths” (Nature [Volume 472; Page 136]; 2011.04.14) – http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v472/n7342/full/472136a.htmlRejection of broad commonality in structure of languages has implications for all sciences.
  • “Evolved structure of language shows lineage-specific trends in word-order universals” by Michael Dunn, Simon J. Greenhill, Stephen C. Levinson, Russell D. Gray (Nature [Volume 473; Pages 79–82]; 2011.05.05) – http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v473/n7345/full/nature09923.html [FOR PAY ARTICLE]

Language myths

Related here: Language evolution and families – https://eikonal.wordpress.com/2010/12/16/language-families/ | Learning languages / Language acquisition – https://eikonal.wordpress.com/2010/11/12/learning-languages-language-acquisition/ | Bilingualism – https://eikonal.wordpress.com/2010/11/12/bilingualism-multilingualism/ | Language acquisition – https://eikonal.wordpress.com/2010/11/12/learning-languages-language-acquisition/ | Body language – https://eikonal.wordpress.com/2010/10/19/it-journals/.

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