- “Evidence Against Fine Tuning for Life” by Don N. Page (arXiv:1101.2444; 2011.01.12) – http://arxiv.org/abs/1101.2444
- Abstract: The effective coupling `constants’ of physics, especially the cosmological constant, are observed to have highly biophilic values. If this is not a hugely improbable accident, or a consequence of some mysterious logical necessity or of some simple principle of physics, it might be explained as a consequence either of an observership selection principle within a multiverse of many sets of effective coupling constants, or else of some biophilic principle that fine tunes the constants of physics to optimize life. Here evidence is presented against the hypothesis of fine tuning by a biophilic principle that maximizes the fraction of baryons that form living beings.
- “Evidence Emerges That Laws of Physics Are Not Fine-Tuned For Life” (Technology Review > The Physics arXiv blog; 2011.01.18) – http://www.technologyreview.com/blog/arxiv/26276/ – The value of the cosmological constant suggests that the laws of nature could not have been fine-tuned for life by an omnipotent being, says a cosmologist
- “Cosmological Constant Not Fine Tuned For Life” (SlashDot; 2011.01.18) – http://news.slashdot.org/story/11/01/18/1534216/Cosmological-Constant-Not-Fine-Tuned-For-Life
- Abstract: “A common argument one might encounter in intelligent design or the arduous process of resolving science with religion is that the physical constants of our world are fine tuned for life by some creator or designer (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fine-tuned_Universe). A University of Alberta theoretical physicist claims quite the opposite when it comes to the cosmological constant (http://www.technologyreview.com/blog/arxiv/26276/)). His paper (http://arxiv.org/abs/1101.2444) says that our ever expanding universe has a positive cosmological constant and he explains that the optimum cosmological constant (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cosmological_constant) for maximizing the chances of life in the universe would be slightly negative: ‘any positive value of the constant would tend to decrease the fraction of matter that forms into galaxies, reducing the amount available for life. Therefore the measured value of the cosmological constant, which is positive, is evidence against the idea that the constants have been fine-tuned for life.'”
- Anthropic principle (WikiPedia) – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthropic_principle
- Fine-tuned Universe (WikiPedia) – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fine-tuned_Universe
- Cosmological constant (WikiPedia) – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cosmological_constant